By Richard Arnold Davis, David L. Meyer
The area round Cincinnati, Ohio, is understood through the global for the ample and lovely fossils present in limestones and shales that have been deposited as sediments at the sea flooring throughout the Ordovician interval, approximately 450 million years in the past -- a few 250 million years sooner than the dinosaurs lived. In Ordovician time, the shallow sea that coated a lot of what's now the North American continent teemed with marine existence. The Cincinnati quarter has yielded a few of the world's such a lot considerable and best-preserved fossils of invertebrate animals resembling trilobites, bryozoans, brachiopods, molluscs, echinoderms, and graptolites. So well-known are the Ordovician fossils and rocks of the Cincinnati quarter that geologists use the time period "Cincinnatian" for strata of an identical age in all places North the USA. This publication synthesizes greater than one hundred fifty years of study in this fossil treasure-trove, describing and illustrating the fossils, the lifestyles behavior of the animals represented, their groups, and residing kinfolk, in addition to the character of the rock strata in which they're came across and the environmental stipulations of the traditional sea.
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Extra resources for A Sea without Fish: Life in the Ordovician Sea of the Cincinnati Region (Life of the Past)
Auburn Formations) corner and of Clifton Calhoun (right), at Avenue Street Cincinnati, 1900. Note, at left, trolley car and McMicken Hall of the University of Cincin- nati. This exposure has been leveled and is pres- ently the site of the University of Cincinnati lege of Law. Bassler Archive, ment of National hosts. A b o u t the s a m e t i m e , U . P . J a m e s b e c a m e o n e o f t h e c h a r t e r m e m - ural History, bers of t h e C i n c i n n a t i A s t r o n o m i c a l S o c i e t y ( a c c o r d i n g to a list at t h e Institution, C i n c i n n a t i O b s e r v a t o r y , F e b r u a r y 11, 2007).
In the first-cited of t h o s e , he n a m e d the g e n u s Enoploura, and interpreted the a n i m a l s o f that g e n u s t o b e c r u s t a c e a n s . W e t h e r b y ' s failure t o r e c o g n i z e that h e w a s d e a l i n g not w i t h c r u s t a c e a n s , but w i t h e c h i n o d e r m s , b r o u g h t d o w n o n h i m t h e w r a t h o f H e n r y W o o d w a r d o f the British M u s e u m o f Natural History. His contributions as a m e m b e r of the C i n c i n n a t i School o f P a l e o n t o l o g y n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g , m o s t o f W e t h e r b y ' s p u b l i c a t i o n s are not a b o u t p a l e o n t o l o g y , b u t rather a b o u t p r e s e n t - d a y m o l l u s c s .
F. J a m e s 1889; S h i d e l e r  2002; A n o n . ) Joseph F. James Joseph F r a n c i s J a m e s a l m o s t c e r t a i n l y w a s i n d u c t e d into the w o n d e r s o f fossil c o l l e c t i n g by his father, U. P. J a m e s (above). However, Joseph's interests i n n a t u r a l history w e r e b r o a d e r t h a n w e r e his father's; t h e son p u b l i s h e d n o t o n l y a b o u t fossils, b u t a b o u t p h y s i c a l g e o l o g y , b o t a n y , a n d o t h e r subjects.
A Sea without Fish: Life in the Ordovician Sea of the Cincinnati Region (Life of the Past) by Richard Arnold Davis, David L. Meyer