By J Lee Thompson
Whilst Alfred Milner (1854-1925) was once knighted, he took as his motto Communis Patria, 'patriotism for our universal country'. by way of this he intended the broader patriotism of the British Empire, the furthering of which he made his life's paintings. this is often the 1st learn of Milner to take his politics, or 'constructive' imperialism as its basic topic. His occupation is tested as an entire, from the genesis of his imperial ideology at Oxford, via his time as excessive Commissioner in South Africa throughout the Boer warfare, to his days as Minister of warfare throughout the ultimate seven months of the 1st international warfare. Famously, Milner propagated his principles via his 'kindergarten', a gaggle of like-minded younger male acolytes. during this interesting ebook, J Lee Thompson additionally discovers a gaggle of younger girl supporters of his imaginative and prescient. This booklet is predicated on huge basic learn in data within the united kingdom, North the US and South Africa.
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Additional resources for A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire
32 One notable speech Milner gave in the contest, titled ‘Liberalism and Foreign Policy’, was particularly significant for bringing together several themes he would pursue over the following decades, including imperial cooperation and eventual union, preparedness and universal military training. England’s ‘true policy’, Milner argued, should be to ‘cling to the sea’, the ‘world-encircling ocean, which unites us in India, and above all to the great communities of our own 20 A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire race and language, to Australia, to South Africa, to North America, the heirs of the civilization of the future’.
29 Nevertheless, Milner believed the general situation of affairs ‘no doubt enormously improved by the disappearance of Riaz Pasha’, but he saw other sources of trouble ahead. With Riaz gone, the Khedive had become a far greater factor in the government of the country than he ever was before. Milner feared that, ‘if he seeks to do things contrary to our wishes & to sound policy, it will be, in some ways, far more awkward to control him than to control any Minister’. 30 In Milner’s view, even though the British were now for the first time in control of the whole country, with the English judge John Scott practically Minister of Justice and Kitchener Minister of the Interior, there remained ‘a number of difficulties before us, wh.
41 An 22 A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire electric atmosphere of intrigue and excitement surrounded the following General Election battle in which Milner chose to stay on the sidelines organizing the party. The Pall Mall Gazette, led by Stead, supported Home Rule and called on Gladstone to retain Irish members at Westminster. Milner wrote to his friend that ‘to lose Ireland and to keep the Irish members seems a rum deal … You are going to make the Old Parliamentary Hand [Gladstone] drop the only redeeming feature of his rotten Bill!
A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire by J Lee Thompson