By Allen, Barbara Carol; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Šljapnikov, Aleksandr G
What emerges from Allen’s political portrait is an outdated Bolshevik who stands in remarkable distinction to Stalin’s and the NKVD’s picture of the best social gathering member.
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Extra info for Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937 : life of an old Bolshevik
His work ethic, sobriety, distrust of the authorities and stubbornness in defending his views resounded with Old Believer values. Religious mysticism provided an initial interpretive framework for the appeal of a revolutionary’s life. At the Kondratov factory, Shlyapnikov heard vague references to revolutionary literature, which the workers imagined as ‘special black books which were kept hidden and in which the truth was written, but in disguised form’. Older workers told the youth that for this ‘truth’ people perished, ground up alive in special mills.
Steinberg 2002 comprehensively treats Russian ‘worker-intelligenty’. 4 g arf, f. 102 (dp oo), op. 1915, d. 114, ii. 49–50. 5 Futrell 1963, p. 92; Vladimir Kollontai 2006, interview; garf, f. 102 (dp oo), op. 1915, d. 114, ii. 50–1. 38 CHAPTER 2 figure 7 Alexander Shlyapnikov with workers in France, circa 1910–12 (provided by the family). Paris over control of party organisations. Besides participating in Russian socialdemocratic factional struggles, he joined a regional committee of the Socialist Party of France and became a leader of the Parisian Mechanics’ Trade Union, in which he was responsible for organising Russian metalworkers.
1; rgaspi, f. 304, op. 1, d. 12, i. 1, letter from Shliapnikov to an unidentified person about hosting Lenin and French workers on 21 May 1911. 8 Revolutionary socialists often referred to the ‘masses’, the meaning of which could vary. Sometimes it meant all those who engaged in manual labour. At other times, it meant only factory workers who were socialists. 9 Shliapnikov 1919c, p. 1. Emigration And The Revolutionary Underground 41 While Shlyapnikov was becoming closer to Lenin politically, he romanced the socialist feminist, Alexandra Kollontai (1872–1952).
Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937 : life of an old Bolshevik by Allen, Barbara Carol; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Šljapnikov, Aleksandr G