By Charlotte Brooks
Among the early 1900s and the overdue Nineteen Fifties, the attitudes of white Californians towards their Asian American associates developed from outright hostility to relative recognition. Charlotte Brooks examines this change throughout the lens of California’s city housing markets, arguing that the perceived foreignness of Asian american citizens, which in the beginning stranded them in segregated parts, finally facilitated their integration into neighborhoods that defied different minorities.Against the backdrop of chilly struggle efforts to win Asian hearts and minds, whites who observed little distinction among Asians and Asian americans more and more endorsed the latter group’s entry to middle-class existence and the residential components that went with it. yet as they reworked Asian american citizens right into a “model minority,” whites purposefully neglected the lengthy backstory of chinese language and jap americans’ early and mostly failed makes an attempt to take part in private and non-private housing courses. As Brooks tells this multifaceted tale, she attracts on a wide diversity of assets in a number of languages, giving voice to an array of neighborhood leaders, reporters, activists, and homeowners—and insightfully conveying the complexity of racialized housing in a multiracial society.
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Extra info for Alien Neighbors, Foreign Friends: Asian Americans, Housing, and the Transformation of Urban California (Historical Studies of Urban America)
In other Northern cities, whites began to demand residential segregation in response to the rapid and highly visible growth of the black population. This kind of growth simply did not occur in San Francisco. Historian Albert S. ”58 Real estate agents and brokers who attempted to sow such fear repeatedly expressed frustration at their inability to do so. In 1925, the realty professionals who led white homeowner associations in the middle-class Sutro Heights and Sunset neighborhoods complained about African Americans moving into these areas.
1 . Dupont Street, the central thoroughfare of Chinatown, around the turn of the century. After the 1906 earthquake, Dupont was renamed Grant Avenue. ) Soon, few other San Franciscans were willing to live next to or be associated with such vilified people. E. Lloyd in 1875. White violence also played a major role in segregating the Chinese. ” Such violence continued in the 1880s, infuriating Chinese consul Zhang Yinhuan. ”35 As conditions worsened, Chinese from other parts of the city moved to Chinatown, seeking safety in numbers.
45 Others formed homeowners’ associations to enforce imagined racial borders and defend covenants, which courts sanctioned and enforced. In San Francisco, whites in the neighborhoods bordering Chinatown also formed homeowner and neighborhood associations that resembled the segregationist groups increasingly common elsewhere. To a certain degree, members responded to a resurgent anti-Asian movement then thriving in California: although largely anti-Japanese, its origins in the anti-Chinese movement prompted white residents to reinforce the spatial boundaries that set them apart from Chinese Americans.
Alien Neighbors, Foreign Friends: Asian Americans, Housing, and the Transformation of Urban California (Historical Studies of Urban America) by Charlotte Brooks