Download e-book for kindle: An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham

By Jeremy Bentham

First released in 1789, Jeremy Bentham's best-known paintings continues to be a vintage of recent philosophy and jurisprudence. Its definitions of the principles of utilitarian philosophy and its groundbreaking reviews of crime and punishment hold their relevance to trendy problems with ethical and political philosophy, economics, and felony theory.
Based at the assumption that people search excitement and steer clear of soreness, Bentham's utilitarian point of view kinds a consultant to ethical decision-making. With the "greatest happiness of the best quantity" as his target, the writer makes an attempt to spot the assets and kinds of excitement and ache in addition to the ways that they are often measured in assessing ethical ideas. concerns of intentionality, attention, causes, and tendencies help Bentham's arguments. The textual content concludes along with his survey of goal and the function of legislations and jurisprudence, a desirable workout within the concept of social reform that explores conflicts among the pursuits of the bulk and person freedom.

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VIII. 2. The circumstance of strength, though in point of causality closely connected with that of health, is perfectly distinguishable from 44/Jeremy Bentham it. The same man will indeed generally be stronger in a good state of health than in a bad one. But one man, even in a bad state of health, may be stronger than another even in a good one. Weakness is a common concomitant of disease: but in consequence of his radical frame of body, a man may be weak all his life long, without experiencing any disease.

In the stage of decrepi- 54/Jeremy Bentham tude both sexes relapse into many of the imperfections of infancy. The generality of these observations may easily be corrected upon a particular review. XXXVII. 27. Station, or rank in life, is a circumstance, that, among a civilized people, will commonly undergo a multiplicity of variations. Cæteris Paribus, the quantum of sensibility appears to be greater in the higher ranks of men than in the lower. The primary circumstances in respect of which this secondary circumstance is apt to induce or indicate a difference, seem principally to be as follows: 1.

The disposition which any one has to have the proportion in which he is affected by two such causes, different from that in which another man is affected by the same two causes, may be termed the quality or bias of his sensibility. One man, for instance, may be most affected by the pleasures of the taste; another by those of the ear. So also, if there be a difference in the nature or proportion of two pains or pleasures which they respectively experience from the same cause; a case not so frequent as the former.

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An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham

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