By Eliot Goldfinger
From the writer of the vintage Human Anatomy for Artists comes this easy reference advisor that includes over unique drawings and over seventy photographs.
Designed for painters, sculptors, and illustrators who use animal imagery of their paintings, Animal Anatomy for Artists deals thorough, in-depth information regarding the main quite often depicted animals, awarded in a logical and simply understood layout for artists—whether newbie or complete expert. The ebook makes a speciality of the types created by way of muscle groups and bones, giving artists a vital third-dimensional knowing of the ultimate, advanced outer floor of the animal. Goldfinger not just covers the anatomy of the extra universal animals, comparable to the pony, puppy, cat, cow, pig, squirrel, and rabbit, but additionally the anatomy of diverse wild species, together with the lion, giraffe, deer, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, elephant, gorilla, sea lion, and endure. integrated are drawings of skeletons and the way they movement on the joints, person muscle tissues exhibiting their attachments at the skeleton, muscle groups of the total animal, pass sections, photos of stay animals, and silhouettes of comparable animals evaluating their shapes and proportions. He deals a brand new and cutting edge part at the easy physique plan of four-legged animals, giving the reader a very important conceptual knowing of total animal constitution to which the main points of person animals can then be utilized. The bankruptcy on birds covers the skeleton, muscle mass and feather styles. The appendix provides pictures of skulls with outstanding horns and antlers and a bit on significant floor veins.
Incredibly thorough, filled with crucial details, Animal Anatomy for Artists is a definitive reference paintings, a vital booklet for everybody who depicts animals of their paintings.
Read or Download Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form PDF
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Additional resources for Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form
Buccinator and masseter. Rear portion: The orbicularis oculi, near the • Action: Both sides of the head: pulls the lower lip downward and inner corner of the eye, extending upward to the lower eyelid. rearward. One side only: pulls the lower lip to that side. • Action: Front portion: Lifts the skin of the cheek. Rear portion: Pulls • Structure: The depressor labii mandibularis is an elongated muscle the lower eyelid downward, opening the eye. ) the buccinator. It begins deep to the masseter, where it blends with the • Structure: In the ox, the malaris is a wide, thin muscle that fans out on buccinator.
This venous single belly. Near the head, it separates into the wider, thinner sterno- branch can appear as a furrow on the surface. occipitalis, and the tapering sternomastoid. The sternomastoid lies to OX (Sternomandibularis and Sternomastoid) the front of the sterno-occipitalis; it inserts on a deeper plane onto the • Origin: Front end of the sternum and the cartilage of the first rib. base of the skull behind the ear hole. The Sternocephalicus muscles • Insertion: Sternomandibularis: Lower edge of the lower jaw and the of both sides of the body are in contact with each other for a short distance above the sternum before they diverge.
The most prominent tarsal bone is the calcaneus, or heel bone, which projects backward and upward, beyond the ankle joint, to receive the Achilles tendon of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Primates and bears stand and walk with their heels on the ground; this is called plantigrade locomotion. Most four-legged animals stand and walk with only the tips of their toes on the ground and their heels raised quite high up off the ground, never touching the heel to the ground while walking; this is called digitigrade locomotion.
Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form by Eliot Goldfinger