By E. Schoffeniels
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Extra resources for Anti-Chance. A Reply to Monod's Chance and Necessity
T o suppress the expression was to give the impression of a retreat before the foe" as Limoges has very judiciously remarked. Darwin's thoughts were profoundly influenced by animal breeders who t A. Koestler, The Case of the Midwife Toad, Hutchinson, L o n d o n , 1971. t C. , Paris, 1970. § He was referring to the translation of " p u r p o s e " a n d " end T H E BASIS FOR A THEORETICAL BIOLOGY 43 selected those individuals considered most favourable. As Darwin wrote to Lyell, then to Wallace himself, the sole divergence of viewpoint between Wallace and Darwin was manifest in "artificial selection".
Whatever the interpretation, chance does not seem to be concerned save if we wish to mask our ignorance for the time being.
The virtue of its analysis lies in the demonstration that an energy flow is able to engender a molecular organization and that once order is attained, it is necessary continually to furnish the system with energy to maintain this state. In examples complicated progressively beyond that chosen above, it is possible to show not only theoretically but also experimentally that in simple molecular systems ( H 2 0 , C 0 2 and N 2 for exam- T H E R M O D Y N A M I C S A N D BIOLOGICAL O R D E R 23 pie) undergoing an energy flow one obtains through cyclical chain reactions compounds whose concentration is different from that theoretically predicted for stationary equilibrium conditions.
Anti-Chance. A Reply to Monod's Chance and Necessity by E. Schoffeniels