By Alastair Bonnett
This introductory textual content presents scholars for the 1st time with an old and overseas research of the advance of anti-racism. Drawing on resources from world wide, the writer explains the roots and describes the perform of anti-racism in Western and non-Western societies from Britain and the USA to Malaysia and Peru. issues lined include:* the ancient roots of anti-racism* race matters inside companies* the perform of anti-racism* the politics of backlash.This full of life, concise publication might be an necessary source for all scholars attracted to problems with race, ethnicity and in modern society extra regularly.
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This is seen particularly clearly in his attitude to the black consciousness cultural movement known as negritude. The negritude poet Leopold Senghor’s statement that ‘Emotion is completely Negro as reason is Greek’ was mocked by Fanon: ‘Black magic, primitive mentality, animism, animal eroticism, it all floods over me’, he jibes, ‘I made myself the poet of the world’ (1986, pp. 126–129). , p. 132), Fanon demands the right to both repudiate and create his own blackness. , p. 130). , p. , p. 138).
Each also considered that ‘backward’ and pre-modern societies were doomed to a necessary extinction. In his Système de politique positive (1851–1854) the French socialist and positivist, Auguste Comte, set out a vision of a world governed by universal laws. ‘The fundamental laws of human evolution’, he wrote, ‘which establish the philosophical basis of the ultimate regime, are necessarily appropriate to all climates and all races, except for mere differences in speed’ (1851, p. 390). Comte offered a bold utopian model for the rational and egalitarian transformation of all societies.
Malik reminds us that these ideas have inspired revolutionaries and egalitarians around the world. Yet the relationship of universalism to non-European emancipation is less straightforward than he admits. We can explore the complex political energies within universalism through the work of two highly influential nineteenth-century universalists, 22 ROOTS OF RESISTANCE Comte and Marx. Both men have been drawn into contemporary accounts of the development of anti-racism (for example, Taguieff, 1988, 1995) and both exemplify the Enlightenment conviction in the possibility of universally valid acts of reason and judgement.
Anti-Racism (Key Ideas) by Alastair Bonnett