By Jonathan Harris
Artwork, funds, events is a set of essays in accordance with papers given at a convention of an analogous identify held at Tate Liverpool in November 2002. It units out to explain and evaluation the advance of recent different types of paintings patronage and exhibit obvious in such recurrent occasions as biennials, 'cultural zone' initiatives for city regeneration, novel galleries of latest paintings, and construction sponsors (such because the Saatchi Gallery and the Baltic). The scope of the gathering is overseas and its goal is to map and consider the globalisation of art's political-economy. participants: Jeremy Valentine (Queen Elizabeth university, Edinburgh), Andrew Brighton (Tate Modern), Sadie Coles (Gallery owner), Rory Francis (Manchester Metropolitan University), Paul Usherwood (University of Northumbria), Stewart domestic (artist and writer), Lewis Biggs (ex-Director, Tate Liverpool), and Jonathan Harris (University of Liverpool).
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Additional info for Art, money, parties: new institutions in the political economy of contemporary art
The scarcity of arable land made it extremely difficult for China’s farmers to produce sufficient food to meet the demands of population growth: this was a significant cause of the famines that the country had experienced in the 1920s and 1930s. War and civil war had also played their part in this. In 1949, the amount of grain produced was a mere 113 million tons, a quantity that was completely inadequate to feed the population. Urban China amounted to only some 20 per cent of the total population of the country but the towns and cities had to be fed from the surpluses generated from the countryside, surpluses that were seldom large enough even to feed the peasants.
The twelve delegates who attended represented a total membership of fifty-seven and the conference was obliged to repair to a boat on a lake for fear of informers. This was a small and inauspicious beginning for the party that was to take control of China within less than thirty years. 14 Introduction At the same time, Sun Yat-sen, the leading nationalist revolutionary in China, also accepted offers of support from the new Soviet Union and its international arm, the Comintern. This was not because of any ideological attachment to Marxism but because he admired the success of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, a success that he attributed to its discipline and organisation.
Planned economy to mixed economy When it was established in 1949, the government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) based its plans for economic development on the model that had been tried and tested (even if it had also often been found wanting) in the Soviet Union. The PRC had no other significant allies and was effectively obliged to follows this model. Essentially this involved creating a national planning system with targets and production quotas that were set centrally: subsidiary quotas were allocated to regions, provinces and, at the base of the planning hierarchy, to individual enterprises.
Art, money, parties: new institutions in the political economy of contemporary art by Jonathan Harris