By Alexey A. Polilov
This ebook addresses microinsects, their constitution and their changes from better family. additionally, it discusses structural alterations that accompany severe diminution in dwelling organisms, evolutionary innovations that support bugs to reside within the microworld, and elements that restrict the scale of animals. It additionally takes a cautious examine the aptitude merits of the research of microinsects for fixing biotechnological and primary clinical difficulties. Miniaturization isn't just a development in know-how: it's also one of many tendencies within the evolution of lifestyles. a number of the difficulties sleek engineers are nonetheless being affected by have been solved by means of nature thousands of years in the past. the realm of microscopic organisms, invisible to the bare eye, is throughout us. Microinsects — the super various variety of miniature bugs below a millimeter lengthy — are the most fascinating elements of this microworld. Having advanced to the scale of unicellular organisms, the smallest bugs controlled not just to maintain their structural complexity, but additionally to adapt a few novel good points now not present in greater insects.
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Additional resources for At the Size Limit - Effects of Miniaturization in Insects
International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 19, 227–241. Chapman, G. B. (2003). Pharynx, esophagus, and associated structures in the booklouse, Liposcelis divinatorius. Invertebrate Biology, 122(1), 52–60. Emeljanov, A. , Golub, N. , & Kuznetzova, V. G. (2001). Эвoлюциoнныe пpeoбpaзoвaния cтpyктypы ceмeнникoв и яичникoв y ceнoeдoв, пyxoeдoв и вшeй (Psocoptera, Phthiraptera: Mallophaga, Anoplura) (Evolutionary transformations of testes and ovaries in booklice, birdlice, and sucking lice (Psocoptera, Phthiraptera: Mallophaga, Anoplura)).
1007/978-3-319-39499-2_4 45 4 Structure of the Principal Groups of Microinsects … 46 microsculpture. Head opisthognathous, directed obliquely posteriad. Cranium solid, except for weakly pronounced occipital suture. Compound eyes consisting of 55–70 ommatidia each. Three ocelli present. Antennae flagelliform or moniliform, 6–9-segmented; 2–3 apical antennomeres forming weakly articulate style. Mouthparts of unique structure: asymmetrical and represented by mouth cone formed by anteclypeus, labrum, maxillae, and labium.
Metafurca-pleuralis): O, metafurca; I, pleurite of metathorax. IIIpcm1 (M. metanepisterno-trochantinalis): O, anterior margin of pleurite of metathorax; I, trochantin or anterior margin of base of coxa. IIIpcm3 (M. metanepisterno-coxalis anterior): O, dorsal part of pleurite of metathorax; I, anterior margin of base of coxa. IIIpcm5 (M. metanepisterno-trochanteralis): O, lateral margin of metanotum; I, trochanter. IIIvlm2 (M. metafurca-abdominosternalis): O, metafurca; I, anterior margin of sclerite 2 of abdomen.
At the Size Limit - Effects of Miniaturization in Insects by Alexey A. Polilov