By Laurent Dubois
The 1st and in basic terms winning slave revolution within the Americas started in 1791 while hundreds of thousands of brutally exploited slaves rose up opposed to their masters on Saint-Domingue, the main ecocnomic colony within the eighteenth-century Atlantic international. inside of many years, the slave insurgents compelled the French directors of the colony to emancipate them, a call ratified by way of progressive Paris in 1794. This victory was once a gorgeous problem to the order of master/slave relatives through the Americas, together with the southern usa, reinforcing the main fervent hopes of slaves and the worst fears of masters. yet, peace eluded Saint-Domingue as British and Spanish forces attacked the colony. A charismatic ex-slave named Toussaint Louverture got here to France's relief, elevating armies of others like himself and defeating the invaders. finally Napoleon, fearing the large political strength of Toussaint, despatched a huge project to overwhelm him and subjugate the ex-slaves. After many battles, a decisive victory over the French secured the beginning of Haiti and the everlasting abolition of slavery from the land. The independence of Haiti reshaped the Atlantic international via resulting in the French sale of Louisiana to the USA and the growth of the Cuban sugar economic system. Laurent Dubois weaves the tales of slaves, loose humans of African descent, prosperous whites, and French directors into an unforgettable story of revolt, conflict, heroism, and victory. He establishes the Haitian Revolution as a foundational second within the heritage of democracy and human rights. (20040323)
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Extra info for Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution
Some noted that Kongo women had traditionally been given the task of working in the ﬁelds, and so were more desirable for ﬁeldwork than the men. The small number of slaves from the cattle-herding Fulbe of West Africa were disproportionately assigned to herding livestock. Moreau de St. Méry wrote extensively about the characteristics of different nations of Africans. ” The Bambara had long marks from temple to neck, and in the islands they were often called “turkey-stealers” or “sheep-stealers” because of the way they satisﬁed their taste for meat.
At the estuary of the Artibonite River there was a “kind of Republic” composed of men who worked as saltmakers and had renounced marriage, and whose property could not be inherited by their offspring but must instead be returned to the community. In the late eighteenth century local plantation owners, disgruntled by the presence of a community that “was a source of problems for the discipline of their negroes,” managed to expel the saltmakers from their land, to which they had no ofﬁcial title.
But by eighteenth century, labor in the Caribbean had been deliberately and obsessively racialized. With the exception of a few managers and overseers, plantation workforces were entirely of African descent. In Saint-Domingue by 1700, the population of slaves had grown to 9,082, while the population of whites had decreased by several hundred. 26 The number of plantations in Saint-Domingue increased with startling rapidity as well. From 1700 to 1704 they jumped from 18 to 120. In 1713 there were 138, 77 of them in the Northern Province.
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois