By E.T. Turkdogan
Offers engineers, examine scientists and graduate scholars a transparent realizing of the operation and regulate of the pyrometallurgical approach. it's going to even be beneficial for technical education classes given to metal plant engineers and plant operators
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Extra resources for B0656 Fundamentals of steelmaking
G. 0, S, Se, Te, are known to lower the rate of nitrogen transfer across the iron surface. On the basis of the experimental rate data with liquid iron containing 0 and 5, as given in various publications (Refs. 21) 1 + 260 (%0 + %5/2) which is a slightly simplified form of the equation that was derived by Byrne and Belton. 23) =
And Hills22 are represented by the following equation. 3 em diameter limestone sphere in argon at 1 atm. From Ref. 20. In the calcination experiments in argon at 1 atm pressure, the CO2 pressure will be about 1 atm at the calcination front within the particles, for which the calculated centre temperature would be 902°C. This dissociation temperature is very close to the measured centre temperature 897°C, in the calcination of a high grade natural limestone, containing 2 mol% MgC03 On the basis of these experimental findings, the rate controlling step was considered to be heat transfer through the porous CaO outer casing around the limestone core of the spheroidal sample for which the following rate equation would apply.
P, REFERENCES 1. The Collected Works of J. Willard Gibbs, vols I and Il, Longmans, Green, New York, 1928. 2. N. LEWIS and M. RANDALL, Thermodynamics and the free energy of chemical substances, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1923. 3. S. PITZER and L. BREWER,Thermodynamics - Lewis & Randall, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961. 4. A. GUGGENHEIM,Thermodynamics, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1949. 5. S. W. GURRY,Physical chemistry of metals, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953. 6. D. GASKELL,Introduction to metallurgical thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1973.
B0656 Fundamentals of steelmaking by E.T. Turkdogan