Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear Catastrophe by David R. Marples PDF

By David R. Marples

ISBN-10: 0333626311

ISBN-13: 9780333626313

Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear disaster examines the crucial results of Soviet rule on Belarus because the prelude to an in depth research of the scientific and social results of the nuclear coincidence at Chernobyl. It locations those difficulties into the modern political context and assesses the power of the newly-independent country to accommodate a catastrophe of such dimensions.

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Earlier than Fukushima, the main infamous large-scale nuclear coincidence the global had visible used to be Chernobyl in 1986. The fallout from Chernobyl lined gigantic parts within the Northern Hemisphere, in particular in Europe. Belarus, on the time a Soviet republic, suffered seriously: approximately 1 / 4 of its territory used to be lined with long-lasting radionuclides.

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Belarus was occupied in remarkably rapid time by the German army. 58 The official Soviet portrayal of valiant resistance at all stages of the campaign is belied by the total collapse of the defensive system. That there was some support for the invader among the population is evident. In contrast to some occupied areas, this support existed at a relatively late stage in the war. On 27 June 1943, for example, by which time the nature of Nazi rule was evident to the populace, the invaders belatedly attempted to establish a puppet regime with the organization of a 'Council of Men of Confidence' under the leadership of a former Slutsk landowner, Radaslau Astrouski.

All the large cities in Belarus (Hrodna being a possible exception) after the 1930s were repositories of the Russian language and the Belarusians were more easily assimilated in an urban environment. Although a small indigenous Belarusian elite may have had the opportunity to emerge and play a role in the political process, it was also dependent on the vigorous growth and preservation of a rural culture. Belarus's form of national development as a major industrial republic in which national consciousness has lagged behind that in its neighbor states owes much not only to its demographic development, but also concomitantly to Soviet language policy.

22 Generally, however, such works are only today beginning to broach the most sensitive subjects in twentieth-century Belarusian history. The 'myths' of the Soviet period may remain intact as long as prominent figures associated with the old regime manage to stay in control of the ruling apparatus, or if others such as the current president adhere to a naive nostalgia for the Soviet regime. By the same token, it is still a difficult task to uncover impartial and objective treatments of a Belarusian national tradition within the republic.

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Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear Catastrophe by David R. Marples

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