By David Glantz
A new edited translation of the Soviet employees examine of the purple Army's Belorussian operation in the summertime of 1944, which was once extraordinary when it comes to its scale, scope and strategic results.
The Soviet Stavka had deliberate a crusade along with a sequence of big operations spanning the total Soviet-German entrance. 4 strong fronts (army teams) operated lower than shut Stavka (high command) keep an eye on. Over 1.8 million troops acomplished a feat detailed within the historical past of the pink military: the defeat and dismemberment of a whole German military staff. This ebook is a translation of the Soviet basic employees learn No 18, a piece initially categorised as 'secret' and meant to coach Soviet commanders and employees officials. The operation is gifted from the Soviet viewpoint, within the phrases of the people who deliberate and orchestrated the plans. A map complement, together with terrain maps, is equipped to demonstrate the circulate of the operation in larger element.
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Extra info for Belorussia 1944 : the Soviet General Staff study
The front’s right-wing forces, which were located north of the Pripiat’ River, participated in the operation to defeat the Germans in Belorussia. At first, the 3d, 48th, and 65th Armies were operating [in this region], but, later, the 28th Army arrived from the Stavka reserve. Having replaced some of its units, it advanced into the first line and occupied a front south of the 65th Army before the offensive began. The overall extent of the right-wing armies’ front was 240 kilometers. These forces were opposed by the German Ninth Army, which consisted of the III and LV Army Corps and the XXXXI Panzer Corps and had up to 12 infantry divisions in its first line and four (security and reserve) divisions and one panzer division in its operational reserve.
The sector north of Porech’e was allocated to the 2d Baltic Front. The overall length of the 1st Baltic Front’s combat line was reduced to up to 160 kilometers; The 3d Air Army supported the front offensive with the mission to provide air cover for the front shock group, and, in cooperation with the ground forces, to suppress enemy combat formations and centers of resistance, and also prevent the approach of enemy reserves from the Polotsk, Lepel’, and Chashniki axes. THE 3D BELORUSSIAN FRONT By the beginning of June 1944, the 3d Belorussian Front’s forces occupied defenses along a front of 130 kilometers in the sector from the Western Dvina River to Baevo (45 kilometers east of Orsha).
After capturing Bobruisk, the army’s main forces were to exploit success in the general direction of Osipovichi and Pukhovichi. The 65th Army, consisting of eight rifle divisions and one tank corps with reinforcements, was to penetrate the enemy’s defense north of Korma (on a 6-km front) with six rifle divisions, commit the 1st Guards Tank Corps, and, while developing the attack in the general direction of Glusha, sever all enemy communication lines approaching Bobruisk from the west. Part of the forces were to cooperate with the 3d and The situation in Belorussia at the beginning of june 1944 21 48th Armies in the capture of the city.
Belorussia 1944 : the Soviet General Staff study by David Glantz