Download PDF by Willem Renema: Biogeography, Time and Place: Distributions, Barriers and

By Willem Renema

ISBN-10: 1402063733

ISBN-13: 9781402063732

ISBN-10: 1402063741

ISBN-13: 9781402063749

This publication deals exchanges among the fields of paleontology and zoology as styles of biodiversity have lengthy attracted the eye of either biologists and paleontologists. It covers the improvement of remoted island faunas, paleogeography and zoomorphology. The booklet indicates that styles aren't continuously what they appear if checked out with no spatial or temporal reference.

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Additional resources for Biogeography, Time and Place: Distributions, Barriers and Islands

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Sperling, Roger U. Vila, Andrew D. , 2005), for permission to make use of some, at the time still unpublished results. He wants to thank Niklas Wahlberg in particular for suggestions and 38 de jong and van achterberg comments on the manuscript. The junior author expresses his gratitude to Donald Quicke for long-standing cooperation and discussions, and for useful comments on the manuscript. References Achterberg, C. van, 1995, Generic revision of the subfamily Betylobraconinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and other groups with modified fore tarsus, Zoologische Verhandelingen 298: 1–242.

Hence, the remarkable distribution of the Lycaeninae must be due to dispersal. The apparent absence of a Gondwanan radiation in Lycaenidae, the restriction of almost all tribes to the Old World and the absence of a South American radiation except in two crown groups (Eumaeini and Polyommatini, both of the Polyommatinae) are all indicative of a relatively recent evolution of the family, in spite of the large number of species. In this respect it is interesting to note that two recent molecular studies suggest a relatively recent radiation in two speciose genera.

In both cases they originated before the Proctotrupidae, which family appears in the fossil record since Early Cretaceous. Figures 14 and 15 show the relationships and distribution of the genera according to van Achterberg (2002). Although it is a very old and worldwide group, there are only approximately 300 extant species. Representation on Gondwana fragments is strikingly absent in the early diversification of the family. If not due to extinction (for which there is no evidence) it indicates that the group arose in the northern hemisphere (Laurasia) after the fragmentation of Pangea.

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Biogeography, Time and Place: Distributions, Barriers and Islands by Willem Renema

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