Biological low voltage field emission scanning electron by James Pawley, Heide Schatten PDF

By James Pawley, Heide Schatten

ISBN-10: 0387729704

ISBN-13: 9780387729701

Major advancements in instrumentation and specimen instruction have introduced SEM to the fore as a organic imaging strategy. In FESEM, a field-emission cathode put within the electron gun of a scanning electron microscope presents narrower probing beams and excessive electron power. the result's more advantageous spatial solution and minimized pattern charging and harm. pictures produced are much less destroyed and feature a spatial answer right down to 1.5 nm, 3 to 6 instances greater than traditional SEM.

Although this imaging procedure has gone through large advancements, it truly is nonetheless poorly represented within the literature, constrained to magazine articles and bankruptcy s in books. This accomplished quantity is devoted to the idea and functional purposes of FESEM in organic samples. It offers a finished clarification of instrumentation, functions, and protocols, and is meant to coach the reader how one can function such microscopes to acquire the highest quality images.

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Extra resources for Biological low voltage field emission scanning electron microscopy

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Imaging Electron Phys. 133, 523–545. A. G. (1939) Point projector electron microscope. Phys. Rev. 56, 705. Mulvey, T. (1962) Origins and historical development of the electron microscope. Brit. J. Appl. Phy. 13, 197–207. 24 D. W. (1982) The early history of the scanning electron microscope. J. Appl. Phys. 53, R1-R13. W. E. (1957) The examination of p-n junctions with the scanning electron microscope. J. Electron. 2, 568–570. A. (1985) The development of the scanning electron microscope. W. ) Adv.

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1972) “A Happy Life in Engineering and Research” (in German) Kinder Verlag: Munich and Zurich. von Ardenne, M. (1985) On the history of scanning electron microscopy, the electron microprobe, and early contributions to transmission electron microscopy. in “The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy” (PW Hawkes ed), Adv. Electronics Electron Phys. Suppl. 16, 1–21. von Borries, B. (1940) High-resolution images from the electron microscope used in reflection (in German). Z. Phys. 116, 370–378. C. (1957).

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Biological low voltage field emission scanning electron microscopy by James Pawley, Heide Schatten


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