By Ojochenemi J. David, Lucky E. Asuelime, Hakeem Onapajo
This e-book investigates the socio-economic determinants of the emergence and endurance of Boko Haram terrorism in Nigeria. when you consider that 2009, Boko Haram maintains to trap mainstream information headlines, in addition to the mind's eye of aspiring younger Salafi-jihadists world wide who aid the thought of a thorough Islamist socio-political procedure. by way of offering a vital review of the literature on Boko Haram and bridging examine and present occasions, the authors hide a vast spectrum of themes and recommend correct guidelines for addressing the matter of Boko Haram terrorism. WhileBoko Haram’s motivations are ostensibly spiritual, the first concentration is on socio-economic inequality as one of many major components that predispose the disappointed, poverty-driven and jobless population within the northern areas of Nigeria to take in hands opposed to the country. The insights offered during this booklet can help researchers and policy-makers alike to appreciate the emergence of in the neighborhood centred terrorist teams and insurgencies.
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Extra info for Boko Haram: The Socio-Economic Drivers
172–202). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wai, Z. (2012). Neo-patrimonialism and the discourse of state failure in Africa. Review of African Political Economy, 39(131), 27–43. Chapter 2 Understanding the Changing Context for Terrorism Abstract This chapter presents an analysis of the construct of terrorism as a phenomenon with historical roots with many contestations, explanations, and understandings. Since the advent of terrorism, the term’s use shifted from the regime de la terreurs during the French revolution, to anarchist and socio-revolutionary bombers in the nineteenth century, to the Red terror, to anti-colonial struggle, then to the Palestinian struggles in the 1960s, and ﬁnally to religious fundamentalism since the 1990s, to date.
The “us” verses “them” dichotomy strongly propels the terrorists to believe that “perpetrating acts of terrorism is one of several ways to symbolically express power over oppressive forces and regain some nobility in the perpetrator’s personal life”. With such premonitions, the dastardly acts of destroying the perceived “oppressive force” are not only seen as noble but necessary towards the promotion of the good force (Schmid 2004b, p. 212). To this end discrimination of the innocents and civilians is only a matter of secondary concern for the terrorists.
This 30 2 Understanding the Changing Context for Terrorism perspective is averse to what it sees as the West-centric perspective of terrorism which paints Muslims as terrorism- tolerant, and solely as a means of ﬁghting the West. The Muslim perspective challenges the view that “terrorism is automatically attributed to the killing of any westerner but not the murder of civilians’ en masses in Iraq, Palestine, and Afghanistan, or the horror perpetrated in Abu-Ghraib in the name of freedom and democracy” (Moten 2010, p.
Boko Haram: The Socio-Economic Drivers by Ojochenemi J. David, Lucky E. Asuelime, Hakeem Onapajo