By Francine Friedman
First released in 2007. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Polity on the Brink (Postcommunist States and Nations)
Thereafter, it was subject to the same strict centralization as the rest of the Kingdom. Tensions between the centralizers (Serbs) and decentralizers (Croats and Slovenes) grew until they peaked with the murder of Radic´ in 1928 by a Montenegrin parliamentary deputy. The assassination brought a demand for a newly federalized Kingdom from Radic´’s successor, Vladko Macˇek. The King responded to these demands and the ensuing public unrest and political paralysis50 by proclaiming the suspension of the Vidovdan Constitution and the Parliament and the creation of a royal dictatorship in 1929.
104 The resulting conﬂict over how to restructure pitted the wealthier regions against the poorer areas. Slovenia and Croatia favored a rapid transition to a full market economy, while the other republics, led by Serbia, desired a mixed economy with some aspects of marketization but also many features of the communist type of political management of the economy to aid the poorer regions to catch up to the wealthier ones. 105 Bosnia’s economic position was an anomaly in Yugoslavia. In the ﬁrst ﬁve-year plan, Bosnia was considered underdeveloped and thus received tax subsidies from the richer republics.
To that end, the communists instituted a series of Soviet-style policies that would reconstruct the Yugoslav infrastructure, superstructure, and a docile populace. With the banishment of the king and the interwar political parties, the CPY was able to rule without interference. The new regime ﬁrst purged domestic enemies. Any remaining anti-Partisan forces and indigenous collaborators were either summarily executed or put to work in forced labor brigades. 77 Signiﬁcantly, after the war there was little or no public discussion about the atrocities of the Second World War, in which all national groups had 21 THE ROOTS OF CONFLICT participated as aggressors as well as victims.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Polity on the Brink (Postcommunist States and Nations) by Francine Friedman