By Klaus Dieter Budras, Robert E. Habel, Anita Wunsche, Silke Buda
This designated atlas on Bovine Anatomy combines the benefits of either topographical and platforms established equipment of anatomy. every one web page of textual content faces a whole web page of reasonable illustrations in color. The topographical remedy of elements of the physique is observed via illustrations of the bones, joints, muscle tissues, organs, blood vessels, nerves, and lymph nodes of every half. info tables at the muscular tissues, lymph nodes, and peripheral nerves offer short facts referenced to the textual content. The illustrations have been drawn from dissections in particular ready for that goal, and directions are given for the dissections. specific recognition is paid to the histology, progress, and serve as of the bovine hoof, in response to large examine. as well as the gross anatomy of the udder, its improvement, histology, and serve as are defined and illustrated. One bankruptcy is dedicated to the pathology, pathogenesis, and molecular biology of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, scrapie of sheep and goats, and persistent losing disorder of yankee deer and elk.
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Extra info for Bovine Anatomy: An Illustrated Text
Why is this? In part, it is because most solar radiation that reaches the surface of the Earth falls within this range. Radiation of shorter wavelengths, such as ultraviolet (UV) light, is absorbed by the atmosphere’s ozone layer. Radiation of longer wavelengths is filtered out of the atmosphere by carbon dioxide and water vapor. However, there also is a physiological explanation. To stimulate a receptor, light must produce a photochemical reaction in which the chemical structure of a molecule changes through its interaction with light energy.
Finally, although most people say that water has no taste, there are, in fact, water taste receptors in the pharynx. Signals from these receptors are processed by the hypothalamus of the brain and, in turn, affect body water balance and the regulation of blood volume. SENSORY MAP OF THE TONGUE There are no visible structural differences between taste buds in different areas of the tongue. q 9/3/04 12:19 AM Page 39 Sense of Taste commonly reproduced in textbooks. These maps indicate that there are regional differences in primary sensitivity; that is, they show that certain regions of the tongue are more sensitive to one kind of taste than to others.
Lacrimal fluid contains water, salts, mucus, antibodies, and the enzyme lysozyme. Thus, tears reduce friction, remove debris, inhibit bacterial infection, and help bring nutrients and oxygen to the conjunctiva. The lacrimal apparatus consists of the lacrimal gland with its associated ducts, lacrimal canals, a lacrimal sac, and a nasolacrimal duct. The lacrimal gland continually releases a dilute saline solution called lacrimal secretion (tears). Blinking sweeps tears across the eye surface, and they accumulate at the medial commissure, where they enter the paired lacrimal canals via two tiny openings called lacrimal puncta.
Bovine Anatomy: An Illustrated Text by Klaus Dieter Budras, Robert E. Habel, Anita Wunsche, Silke Buda