By Rowan Frederick Sage; R K Monson
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There is little doubt that without these accidental additions we would not have detected this unique activity at that time, and this surely would have slowed the resolution of the C4 process enormously. As these matters were recognized and other problems overcome, activities increased severalfold to levels matching the photosynthesis rate (Hatch and Slack, 1968, 1969a). Also of historic interest is the fact that we initially believed that this PEP synthesizing activity in C4 leaves was catalyzed by an enzyme (PEP synthase) that had just previously been described in bacteria by Cooper and Kornberg (1965).
R. (1970). Carbon isotope discrimination in a plant possessing the C4 dicarboxylic acid pathway. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 41, 1205-1210. 3 The Biochemistry of C4 Photosynthesis Ryuzi Kanai and Gerald E. Edwards I. Introduction C 4 photosynthesis consists of the coordinated function of two cell types in the leaves, usually designated mesophyll cells (MC) and bundle sheath cells (BSC), because enzymes of the C4 pathway are located separately in these morphologically distinct cell types. In C4 leaves, atmospheric CO2 enters through stomata and is first accessible to MC, where it is fixed by phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxylase to form oxaloacetate, and then malate and aspartate.
Heldt, H. , and Flugge, U. (1990). Comparison of the kinetic properties, inhibition and labeling of the phosphate translocator from maize and spinach mesophyll chloroplasts. Planta 180, 262-271. , Gracen, V. , and Edwards, G. E. (1974). Biochemical and cytological relationships in C 4 plants. Planta 19, 279-300. Haberlandt, G. (1884). "Physiological Plant Anatomy" (Transl. M. Drummond). Macmillan, London. Hatch, M. D. (1971a). Mechanism and function of C4 photosynthesis. In "Photosynthesis and Photorespiration" (M.
C₄ plant biology by Rowan Frederick Sage; R K Monson