Download e-book for kindle: Constructing world culture: international nongovernmental by John Boli, George M. Thomas

By John Boli, George M. Thomas

ISBN-10: 0804734224

ISBN-13: 9780804734226

This booklet illuminates the primary function performed by means of overseas nongovernmental businesses (INGOs) within the emergence and improvement of a entire global polity. The participants argue that the big proliferation of INGOs due to the fact that 1875—including overseas environmental corporations, human rights teams, our bodies shaped to manage technical criteria, and financial improvement businesses, between others—both displays and contributes to the unfold of worldwide associations and cultural ideas in response to versions of rationality, individualism, growth, and universalism. The participants distinction this world-polity standpoint to different ways to knowing globalization, together with realist and neo-realist analyses within the box of diplomacy, and world-system concept and interstate festival thought in sociology.The quantity considers transnational organizing as a historic strategy of the construction of world principles and norms, altering through the years, that experience identifiable results on social association on the nationwide and native degrees. The chapters offer empirical help for this method, settling on particular mechanisms that translate worldwide cultural assumptions and prescriptions into neighborhood social task, akin to the construction of nation companies, the formula of presidency rules, and the emergence of social pursuits. the 1st a part of the ebook offers with social circulation INGOs, together with environmental teams, women’s rights businesses, the Esperanto circulation, and the overseas pink move. the second one half treats technical and financial our bodies, together with the overseas association for Standardization, inhabitants coverage teams, improvement corporations, and overseas expert technological know-how institutions.

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Third, the possibility that the quality of the data is better for recent years, so that rising INGO founding rates (below) would be partly artifactual, does not seem to be a serious concern. On the one hand, the magnitude of growth is stupendous: Even if as many as half of the INGOs founded in the early period have not been identified, the growth curve would still rise sharply. On the other hand, the history of the database suggests that only a small proportion of early INGOs have been omitted.

Primary and secondary aims were coded independently by at least two coders. Inter-coder agreement was relatively low for each aim separately (about 60 percent), but reliability for primary and secondary aims taken together was high (about 90 percent). Agreement when we collapsed our 42 specific categories (Appendix Table A) into thirteen major sectors was higher still. 14 Not-for-profit international organizing grew rapidly in the latter part of the nineteenth century, about ten organizations a year emerging during the 1890s.

Yet the conflicting models and discourse that make global culture so dynamic nevertheless share fundamental conceptions regarding actors, agency, nature, technique, societal purposes, and much more. We also recognize that universal cultural principles may themselves generate conflict. For example, uniform conceptions of human purpose imply that actors have identical goals; they therefore are likely to compete for the same resources. Conflict intensifies when, for instance, peripheral regions are reorganized as progress-oriented societies.

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Constructing world culture: international nongovernmental organizations since 1875 by John Boli, George M. Thomas

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