By Michael Dillon
This publication offers a concise advent to modern China. it's meant as a primary booklet for these coming new to the topic, supplying the basic info that almost all humans want to know, with no going into over the top aspect. Its insurance contains the economic system, society, politics and diplomacy; China's heritage, particularly the 20 th century; and Taiwan and Hong Kong in addition to the People's Republic of China. The ebook offers an updated and transparent consultant to the customarily bewildering adjustments that have taken position in China within the overdue 20th and early twenty-first centuries. It attracts at the huge, immense physique of empirical and theoretical examine that's being performed through economists, political scientists and sociologists on modern China, yet is itself written in non-technical and available language. It doesn't think any past wisdom of China and factors of chinese language phrases are supplied through the booklet. It features a map, a chronology, a word list of chinese language phrases, biographical notes on key figures, and a advisor to extra analyzing.
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Extra info for Contemporary China - An Introduction
The scarcity of arable land made it extremely difficult for China’s farmers to produce sufficient food to meet the demands of population growth: this was a significant cause of the famines that the country had experienced in the 1920s and 1930s. War and civil war had also played their part in this. In 1949, the amount of grain produced was a mere 113 million tons, a quantity that was completely inadequate to feed the population. Urban China amounted to only some 20 per cent of the total population of the country but the towns and cities had to be fed from the surpluses generated from the countryside, surpluses that were seldom large enough even to feed the peasants.
The twelve delegates who attended represented a total membership of fifty-seven and the conference was obliged to repair to a boat on a lake for fear of informers. This was a small and inauspicious beginning for the party that was to take control of China within less than thirty years. 14 Introduction At the same time, Sun Yat-sen, the leading nationalist revolutionary in China, also accepted offers of support from the new Soviet Union and its international arm, the Comintern. This was not because of any ideological attachment to Marxism but because he admired the success of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, a success that he attributed to its discipline and organisation.
Planned economy to mixed economy When it was established in 1949, the government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) based its plans for economic development on the model that had been tried and tested (even if it had also often been found wanting) in the Soviet Union. The PRC had no other significant allies and was effectively obliged to follows this model. Essentially this involved creating a national planning system with targets and production quotas that were set centrally: subsidiary quotas were allocated to regions, provinces and, at the base of the planning hierarchy, to individual enterprises.
Contemporary China - An Introduction by Michael Dillon