By Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember
Just like the ten-volume Encyclopedia of worldwide Cultures (Macmillan, 1996), the four-volume nations and Their Cultures relies at the selection of ethnographic details often called the Human kinfolk region records dependent at Yale college. in contrast to global Cultures, that's prepared via tradition, the recent paintings is prepared via kingdom. This work's power is that readers who recognize little or no a couple of nation can quick receive an excellent orientation to the key matters, heritage, and social constitution of a kingdom. The 225 entries are among ten and 20 pages lengthy and browse like a pass among a well-written encyclopedia article, a shuttle advisor, and a social technology essay. they supply a very good basic assessment of a rustic with out tremendously oversimplifying or distorting. All entries have a similar constitution, with sections on geography, background, demography, languages, nutrition, financial system, etiquette, politics, kinfolk, faith, and humanities and arts. A country's measure of cultural cohesion in addition to its cultural diversifications are defined within the sections on nationwide id, ethnic kin, and social stratification. every one access has a map with a neighborhood insert, black-and-white photos, and a bibliography of modern scholarly books. advised in particular for libraries that don't personal Encyclopedia of global Cultures. Marc Meola, Coll. of latest Jersey Lib., Ewing
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Additional resources for Countries and Their Cultures, Volume 1: Afghanistan - Czech Republic
Public order broke down in 1997 as a result of a lack of political and economic planning. During the spring of 1997, arms depots were plundered throughout the country; as a result, crime became a major problem. Since the 1997 breakdown, there has been a substantial degree of taking the law into one’s own hands. However, this is not a new phenomenon but part of Albanian tradition. For centuries, it was not the central government but Albanian customary or traditional law that governed social behavior and almost every facet of life in northern Albania.
Albanians now use the designation shqiptar (‘‘Albanian’’) shqip (‘‘Albanian language’’), and Shqipe¨ria (‘‘Albania’’). ORIENTATION Identification. According to the Austrian linguist Gustav Meyer (1850–1900), shqip (‘‘Albanian language’’), shqiptar (‘‘Albanian’’), and Shqipe¨ria (‘‘Albania’’) are related to the Albanian verb shqipoj (‘‘to speak clearly’’) and shqiptoj (‘‘to pronounce’’) and can be linked to the Latin excipio and excipere (‘‘to listen to, take up, hear’’). The Albanologist Maximilian Lambertz (1882–1963) preferred a connection with the Albanian shqipe or shqiponje¨ (‘‘eagle’’), which is the symbol of Albania.
Monogamy was always the rule in Albania, but polygamous marriages existed up to the beginning of the twentieth century in some areas, particularly if the first wife was not able to bear a son. Live-in concubines were not uncommon in the mountains up to World War II. Albanian women were as a rule faithful to their husbands. Since a wife was considered the property of her husband, adultery amounted to theft. Thus, cases of adultery were punished severely under traditional law. Premarital and extramarital sex was more prevalent in the northern highlands, the part of the country with the most rigid moral code.
Countries and Their Cultures, Volume 1: Afghanistan - Czech Republic by Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember